Ranked Choice Voting in San Francisco


San Francisco voters elect most local offices
using Ranked-Choice Voting. This includes the office of the The Mayor,
the Sheriff, District Attorney, Treasurer, Assessor-Recorder, Public Defender, the City
Attorney, and embers of the Board of Supervisors. Ranked-Choice Voting eliminates the need for
a runoff election by taking into account voters first second, and third choices
Let’s see how it works. Say these sticky notes represent the candidates
on the ballot. Your first choice for is for blue; if you
can’t have blue then you’d like green as your second choice, and finally if you
had to choose between gold and purple you would rather have purple as your third choice. You have Ranked the first choice blue, second
choice green, and third purple. This is how it looks on the ballot, identical
lists of candidates are repeated in three columns. To vote, connect the arrow for your first
choice in column 1; connect the arrow for your second choice in column 2, and connect
the arrow for your third choice in column 3. Only select one candidate in each column. And always select a different candidate in
each column. Repeated votes for a single candidate will
only be counted once. If you want to vote for less than three choices,
or if there are fewer than three candidates on the ballot, just leave the remaining columns
blank. You may also fill in the name of a qualified
write-in candidate in any of the columns. Just be sure to connect the arrow next to
the name that you write in. To determine the results in ranked-choice
voting contest, the Department of Elections counts all of the first-choice votes. If one candidate has a majority. That’s
more than 50% of all votes cast — that candidate is declared the winner. If no candidate receives more than 50% of
first-choice votes, a process of eliminating candidates and transferring votes begins. The candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. A voter’s second-choice votes are counted
when their first-choice candidate is eliminated In the case of our sticky notes, no color
has a majority, so we eliminate the color with the fewest votes and add the second choice
votes to the remaining colors. As you can see, gold has the least amount
of votes, so it is eliminated and we look to see the second choice for everyone who
voted for gold as their first choice. One for Blue, and Two for green are now added
to those colors’ first-choice votes. Since none of our colors have a majority of
the remaining votes, we will eliminate the color with the next fewest votes, purple. We now add the next ranked choice votes for
everyone who voted for purple. Third-choice votes are counted only when a
voter’s first- and second-choice candidates are eliminated. Eliminating candidates and transferring votes
continues until a candidate has more than 50% of the remaining votes. As you can see, Blue has secured more than
50% of the votes and will be declared the winner. Before the Election, a Voter Information Pamphlet
with ranked-choice voting information will be sent to every registered voter. At the polling place, there are ballot marking
instructions in the voting booth and the information kiosk. For more information about Ranked Choice Voting
visit the San Francisco Department of Elections website. Thank you for being a San Francisco voter!

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